Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections – Wellnesshow
Sexual Wellbeing

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections

Sexually transmitted diseases and infections spread through sexual contacts with infected partners. They often go STD infection-Imageundetected as symptoms tend to appear only after few days or even months! A survey by CDC of America reveals the steady rise in sexually transmitted diseases and infections. Out of the approximately estimated 19 million new sexually transmitted infections, more than 50% of them were among the young adults age between 15 to 24 years!

MOST COMMON STDS/ INFECTIONS  CAUSES SYMPTOMS OUTCOME
CHLAMYDIA Bacteria

· Painful urination

· Lower abdominal pain

·Vaginal discharge in women

·Discharge from penis in men

·Painful intercourse·  Testicular pain in men

. Damage to women’s reproduction organsand even irreversible infertility

· Is passed on to children during natural birth

GONORRHEA Bacteria · Painful bowel movements·  Anal itch in· Pain or burning sensation during urination

· Painful and swollen testicle

· Thick or bloody discharge from penis/  vagina

 

· Damage to women’s reproduction organs.

· Is passed on to children during natural birth

 

 

 

 

 

SYPHILIS Bacteria ·  Frequently occurring rashes and sores in the external genital organs like vagina, anus and rectum

· Sores may also occur on palms, soles, tongue and lips etc.

· Fever and fatigue

· Enlarged lymph nodes

 

· Paralysis

· Blindness

· Dementia

· Serious internal organs damage and may lead to death

· Cardiovascular failure

· Still born or deformed child

GENITAL HERPES Virus ·  Blisters or small open sores in and around genitals

· Pain or itching around genitals, inner thighs and buttocks

· Festering ulcers around genitals if left untreated for long

·Permanent damage to genital functioning.

HPV AND GENITAL WARTS Virus ·  Small skin colored or grey swelling around genital area

· Small warts forming cluster like cauliflower on the genitals or area surrounding it

· Warts in mouth or throat

· Cervical cancer

·  Vulnerability to other types of STDs

 

 

 

 

BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS Bacteria ·  Itching and pain in vagin

·  Bad odour  vaginal discharge

· Susceptible to other types of STDs

· Difficult pregnancy

·Pre-term delivery

HIV Virus · Fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph glands

· Abnormal weightloss

· Diarrhea

· Constant fatigue

·  Soaking night sweats

 

· Low immunity system

·  AIDS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Precautions and preventions

STDs and STIs are highly contagious and need to be monitored to restrict its spread. Be a responsible citizen and human being and promote healthy habits by ->

  • Having safe sex and use protection like condoms
  • Visiting doctor for regular screening of STD/ STIs
  • Taking early treatment and avoiding sex during the treatment