Dementia is the gradual loss of mental abilities such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning. It is not a disease, but a group of symptoms that may accompany some diseases or conditions affecting the brain (NHS).
1. Caused due to damage to the brain cells which control memory and memory retention.
2. It may also be attributed to lack of blood and oxygen to the brain due to accident, stoke.
3. Damage to the brain cells due to diseases, infection or brain tumor etc. like meningitis, Alzheimer.
1. Loss of memory
2. Being in confused state.
3. Tend to forget the recent memories including people, events and places and later on, loss of memory makes the patient even forget his name and address which becomes hazardous for them to live alone or to move around without proper helper.
4. Repetitive behavior and inability to express themselves.
5. Frequent changes of moods and difficulty in completing simple tasks.
6. They become easily agitated.
Associated health problems
1. Dementia patients tend to become dependent on others for their health.
2. They may endanger their heath when they either forget to take their medicines or take it too many times.
3. They are also often observed to pay least attention to personal hygiene that further complicates their medical problems.
4. They may also risk their own safety as well as that of others physical wellbeing by forgetting to take appropriate safety measures while going out on the road or traveling in private transportation.
1. The mental alertness and risk assessment are carried out through comprehensive CT scans, MRI, physical and mental ability tests
2. The tests are designed to assess the risk situations where the patient is likely to come across.
Ways to communicate with dementia patients
1. The carers are required to maintain their patience.
2. Carers need to use diversionary techniques to take the attention of the patient in directions that would sooth the nerves of the patients.
Ways to promote autonomy and independence
1. Efforts must be made to involve them in activities that arrests further deterioration in memory loss. The activities like puzzles, quizzes, games that are designed to force the patients to use their memory in fun way are the best way to keep them mentally alert.
2. Activities like cooking under supervision and seeking their guidance in simple things would make them feel needed and prompt actions from them which would help them to take up normal activities with more confidence.
3. Stimulating environment is provided to them and they are encouraged to stay physically and mentally active.
Community support services
1. Local community services could regularly be used to create greater awareness of the problem amongst the people and ways on how to take care of them
2. Developing Alzheimer centers as the support services for dementia patients that help the patients and facilitate support services to carers for better in-house care.
3. Counseling for the family members is key factor in the ultimate care of the dementia patient as they tendto responds best in the loving and caring environment of the family and friends.
Potential impact on families and friends
1. Family member who is afflicted with dementia often becomes the cause of irritation for the rest of the family.
2. Dementia patients are more vulnerable to harm others and themselves so the family members and carers need to be more cautious and alert while interacting with them.s